Climate change would cause economic losses in Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey, according to a UNAM expert.

Mexico is a country that heats up faster than the rest of the world.

Mexico is warming faster than the majority of countries in the world, according to UNAM specialists. Mexico’s temperature exceeded 1.5 degrees Celsius in 2020, which is the warmest year ever recorded.

The coordinator of the Climate Change Research Program, Francisco Estrada Porra, warned that the rise in temperature is due to natural variability as well as the global warming trend.

Three additional UNAM experts predict that by the beginning of 2030, the global temperature will have risen 1.5 degrees Celsius, and by 2050, it will have risen two degrees.

Mexico has warmed roughly 0.3 degrees each decade since 1975, according to the media conference “Global Warming Continues with Increasing Impacts in Recent Years.” This amount, when compared to other regions of the Earth, is quite high.

To this, we must add that warming in our country is highly heterogeneous, i.e., while the center and a big portion of it are warming at two degrees per century, northern portions are warming at six degrees per century.

Several issues will arise as a result of these developments, most notably economic and production issues. In some sections of the country, yearly temperature increases of more than four degrees might be attained by the 2070s, with ecosystems unable to adapt. According to Estrada Porra, economic costs from climate change in Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey could approach one billion dollars by the 2020s.

In agriculture, yield decreases of five to 20 percent are projected over the next two decades, with particular crops and states seeing yield reductions of up to 80 percent by the end of the century. “By the end of the century, the states that are today most favorable for rainfed corn could lose between 30 and 40% of their yields,” he warned.

Floods must be considered; Tamaulipas, Veracruz, and San Luis Potosi, as well as states in the middle of the country, will be most vulnerable to river flooding.

Civil Protection and academia should be included in climate change solutions, according to experts, because they will be the ones to respond to extreme disasters.

They also advocate taking certain mitigating actions to combat climate change, such as shifting to renewable energy sources and increasing investments in science and technology in this field.

Other suggestions include reducing individual consumption to shift the social model, maintaining conserved land to protect aquifers, increasing green surfaces and rooftops in cities, and modifying pavements to enable water to move through and prevent flooding.

 

Article Author Gerluxe Image: worldpoliticsreview