Arctic lightning strikes increase due to climate change

Climate Change has increase the number of lightning strikes in the Arctic.

The Arctic is one of the most vulnerable locations to climate change. It’s a phenomenon that’s visible not only in melting ice and rising temperatures, but also in weather events like lightning strikes. According to the most recent data, the number of lightning strikes in the Arctic in 2021 is expected to increase dramatically.

The information

According to data obtained by scientists from the Finnish organization Avsala for the year 2021, there were 7,278 such discharges above 80 degrees North. This is nearly double the number reported in the prior nine years.

According to other research, the number of lightning strikes above 60 degrees north has increased since 2010. The biggest cause for concern, though, is the data and the growth that has occurred further north. This is especially concerning because Arctic air lacks the convective heat required for lightning to form.

The surge in this location, where average Arctic temperatures have risen three times faster than the global average, is due to a number of variables. Moisture, instability, and lift are all required for lightning to form.

arctic

The melting of sea ice, for example, might result in more water evaporating, which adds moisture to the atmosphere. Furthermore, increased temperatures and atmospheric instability produce optimal lightning conditions.

Importance

For various reasons, these changes, as well as the increasing quantity of lightning strikes, are critical. The first is that by watching how lightning patterns change in the Arctic, scientists can predict how the atmosphere will alter in reaction to climate change as it happens.

Changes in the Arctic could also result in more extreme cold outbreaks, more heat waves, or changes in precipitation extremes in Europe, according to the scientific study.

 

Article Author Gerluxe Image: nature