Chile becomes a global climate change sensor

Chile has been selected as a global climate change sensor.

The project aspires to create a real-time global thermometer, utilizing the unique mix of climates and latitudes found in the world’s longest country.

Hundreds of sensors and meters from the parched Atacama Desert to the cold Antarctica make up the first Observatory of Climate Change in Chile (OCC), a platform that was launched on Thursday and will collect the world’s most diverse and complete data on global warming.

According to scientists, this Latin American country, which is a thin strip of land more than 4,000 kilometers long or more than 8,000 kilometers if the frozen continent is included, is “perfect” for assessing climate change variations at various latitudes and anticipating future weather occurrences.

“The observatory will provide environmental information in an open and standardized manner, which is critical for the research of climate change on a worldwide scale,” said Chilean Science Minister Andrés Couve, speaking from Punta Arenas, in the country’s south.

He went on to say that environmental data for the southern cone is “extremely poor,” and that this program “fills that gap” with substantial data on temperatures, precipitation, solar radiation, and wind.

According to Sharon Robinson, climatologist and Antarctic specialist at the Australian University of Wollongong, this is a pioneering project in the region, but similar programs exist, such as the Lter platform in the United States and the Tern ecosystem analysis network in Australia.

“What’s surprising is that the Chilean observatory spans the world’s longest latitudinal range and the largest in the southern hemisphere,” the expert stated after virtually participating in Chile’s most major science and innovation event, the Futuro Congress.

Laboratory in the wild

The OCC is a government platform that combines data from public and private databases and sensors positioned between Arica, on the northern border with Peru, and Antarctica.

Although the goal is to build alliances with worldwide bodies that will allow the network to flourish, the Chilean Antarctic Institute (Inach), the Chilean Meteorological Directorate (DMC), and the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity (IEB) are among the participants.

Roberto Rondanelli, a researcher at the University of Chile’s Center for Climate Science and Resilience (CR2), told Efe that Chile has everything from the world’s driest desert (Atacama) to one of the world’s rainiest locations, the “southern ice field,” a network of glaciers in the south.

“This country is an excellent observation network because to its diverse climates and solar radiation. It’s like there’s an entire planet inside of a country. A natural research facility, “Added he.

The OCC also plans to store data from a cutting-edge ocean sensor that will be installed in one of the world’s deepest trenches, the Atacama Trench, which is more than 8 kilometers below the surface and marks the point of contact between the Nazca and South American plates.

This week, a team of scientists from the Millennium Institute of Oceanography (IMO), led by American entrepreneur and explorer Victor Vescovo, embarked on the first manned excursion down the trench to investigate the sensor’s location.

Antarctica is an important actor.

The installation of twenty-one multi-parameter stations in Antarctica, which will measure the climate in real time, is another project milestone, according to Marcelo Leppe, director of the Chilean Antarctic Institute (Inach).

“Until now, we haven’t been feeling or tracking the temperature on the white continent, which is critical for global climate regulation,” he explained.

Between the Escudero base on King George Island and the Union Glacier Joint Scientific Polar Station in the Ellsworth Mountains, the stations will be lined up in a straight line.

Antarctica and its climate, according to Leppe, “have a global impact and serve to foretell some climatic occurrences” due to oceanic and atmospheric interactions.

“Knowing how this region of the planet’s temperature and precipitation behaves creates a new window for the examination of global climate change,” he said.

 

Article Author Gerluxe  Image: efe