As a result of climate change, hunger worsens with each generation.
For the first time in decades, the number of individuals battling hunger has risen in the last five years. This is partly owing to the effects of climate change, which have limited availability to healthful foods. According to the research ‘Climate Change, Hunger, and the Future of Children,’ more than 300 million people could face food insecurity by 2030 if current trends continue.
“Climate change is the greatest threat to the planet’s future,” says Eloisa Molina, communications coordinator for World Vision Spain. “Extreme weather events devastate crops, destroy livelihoods, disrupt food supply networks, and displace populations, increasing the risk of starvation.”
While the world’s wealthier countries are responsible for the majority of greenhouse gas emissions, climate change has a substantial impact on the world’s poorest people, who rely on local agricultural output, which is frequently harmed by weather events.
Food insecurity has long-term effects for children, including malnutrition and impaired development, which leave them scarred for the rest of their life.
Hunger is a crisis for children.
Under nutrition is on the rise, with 149.2 million children under the age of five suffering from stunting and 45.4 million from wasting (pathological thinning) One of the most fundamental underlying causes of malnutrition is food insecurity. According to UNICEF, more than 200 million children will be at danger from the impacts of malnutrition by 2020.
According to World Vision’s report Climate Change, Hunger, and the Future of Children, undernutrition poses serious health risks and has long-term implications. Chronic hunger, malnutrition, and vitamin deficiencies can cause stunting and wasting in children, weakening their bodies and impairing their bones, muscle system, and brain development.
“When a child’s physical and cognitive development deteriorates, so do his or her educational and economic prospects, further limiting their chances. This perpetuates a cycle of poverty and hunger that gets worse with each passing generation “Eloisa Molina adds.
Food shortage solutions
Climate change is typically exacerbated by environmental degradation and agricultural systems that aren’t adaptable to changing conditions, according to World Vision. It’s crucial to collaborate with nature while working with farmers and communities adapting to climate change. Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (RNGA) is World Vision’s long-term answer to food scarcity.
Ruth, Kenya’s RNGA leader: “Small communities should be supported by governments. We need high-quality facilities to address the issues that lead to malnutrition, as well as appropriate funds to invest in programs like RNGA to help prevent hunger. They must keep youth in mind so that we can raise awareness and become more self-sufficient in the face of climate change.”
RNGA is a low-cost, easy-to-replicate technique to restoring and improving agricultural, forestry, and grazing areas that is quick to implement. It is based on encouraging farmers to plant seeds or replant existing trees. World Vision educates communities how to prune trees and maintain forests in order to promote quick and healthy development while also improving the local environment, lowering flood risks, and increasing soil fertility.
World Vision says that without governments ensure that their people are sufficiently fed, they will not be able to move themselves out of poverty and maintain economic progress. The only way to address the problem of hunger is to design climate change solutions that are child-centered.
Article Author Gerluxe Image: socialistresurgence