Global climate change has occurred very slowly, over thousands or millions of years. However, research indicates that today’s climate is changing at a faster rate than the geologic record indicates.
The study of information discovered in rocks and fossils has helped us better comprehend climatic change over time. Understanding past geologic change aids in putting current climate changes into context.
In the face of a rapidly changing climate, geology has a significant role to play in offering answers that support our future, promote clean growth, and develop effective strategies.
Understanding how the subsurface can support geothermal energy, energy storage, and carbon sequestration while also supporting the soils and water supplies we rely on for agriculture necessitates geological study, data, and innovation for industry as well as policy and decision-making.
Climate change has an impact on our groundwater, coastline edge, territorial sea, soils, and landscapes, among other things. Increased geological hazards, including as landslides, subsidence, and flooding, are potentially possible outcomes.
Geoscience has a key role to play in assisting with climate change mitigation and adaptation.
The international desire to decarbonize energy, transportation, and industry is driven by the urgent need to counteract climate change. The subsoil can play a crucial role in facilitating this transformation.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) captured through industrial activities can be stored in geological formations.
Geothermal energy may be used to heat our homes in a sustainable, carbon-free manner.
Hydrogen can be safely stored underground to supply future low-carbon energy for heavy industry and transportation.
Mineral reserves, many of which are already known in Chile, provide the crucial materials required for the growing demand for renewable energy and electric vehicles.
To ensure that new projects to generate low-carbon electricity from wind or nuclear power work safely and sustainably, geologists must understand the underlying geology.
Environmental change and associated geohazards are better understood thanks to geological study, which informs adaptation methods aimed at strengthening societal resilience.
The geological record reveals that the Earth’s climate has changed dramatically over time. Many natural processes have contributed to this, including changes in the sun, volcanic eruptions, variations in the Earth’s orbit, and carbon dioxide (CO2) levels.
To adequately handle the increasing environmental concerns, we must harness all of our scientific and technical skills now. It is essential for both us and our successors that our territories grow cleanly, even improving those areas that have been negatively impacted by poorly designed industrial expansion.
Let us not dismiss the knowledge created by our academic world and instead work rapidly to develop our lovely and affluent land.
Our territory, as well as its residents and generations, will benefit.
Article Author Gerluxe Image:HypeScience