Ecosystem adaptation and enhancement programs
Climate change is expected to cause half of the world’s population to reside in coastal areas vulnerable to flooding or severe storms by 2030. It is also critical to have sufficient adaptation and management plans in these places in order to mitigate the impact of climate events on ecosystems and populations.
How to carry them out properly is one of the concerns being discussed at the COP26 in Glasgow, and it is especially relevant in Spain, where the Hydrological Plans and the National Plan for Climate Change Adaptation (PNACC 2021-2030) are presently being developed and are open to public involvement.
In light of this scenario, Conama 2020’s CT.30 Technical Committee, which is made up of specialists from several disciplines, has compiled the study Solutions to climate risks in rivers and coasts, which is a collection of suggestions for addressing global warming in coastal and river areas.
Rivers and seas, in particular, are extremely vulnerable.
First and foremost, the implications of climate change on Spain’s beaches and rivers are described in the document. These locations are particularly sensitive to floods, droughts, rising seas, water quality impacts, and erosive and sedimentary processes in rivers and beaches, all of which can have a significant influence on the population’s quality of life.
Following that, a study of the strategic plans in this field (hydrological and PNACC, among others) is conducted, and various experiences and best practices are displayed in order to encourage other regions or agents. Risk perception and self-protection methods, risk analysis and planning responses, and so-called nature-based solutions and ecological restoration in coastal and river systems are all examples of these solutions.
Finally, as a consequence of discussions done both inside the Technical Committee and during the public technical session held in June 2021 during the celebration of the National Congress on the Environment, the report includes an appraisal of future courses of study that are regarded interesting (Conama 2020). Differentiated treatment by areas or the construction of maps and updated information to aid decision-making are examples of these lines.