Nature-based solutions key in the fight against climate change

Solutions based on nature are critical in the fight against climate change.

Experts on climate change discussed strategies to improve the protection, conservation, and restoration of natural ecosystems in Mexico and around the world.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the specialists asked to come to the third COPerando por el clima: soluciones de la naturaleza series agreed that nature-based solutions are critical in the fight against climate change, as the soil absorbs 5% of the additional heat produced by greenhouse gases (GHG) and 31% of annual CO2 emissions, for example.

Similarly, the oceans absorb 91 percent of this extra heat and 23 percent of CO2 emissions annually. Soil and ocean carbon sinks, on the other hand, are predicted to become less effective as temperatures and emissions rise, leaving a higher percentage of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere.

The COPerando por el clima: soluciones de la naturaleza (COPerando for Climate: Natural Solutions) event, co-hosted by the Mexico Climate Initiative (ICM) and the British Embassy, aimed to create a space for dialogue with environmental leaders to discuss how to advance in the protection, conservation, and restoration of natural ecosystems in Mexico and around the world.

These discussions were based on the negotiations and agreements made during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s 26th Conference of the Parties in Glasgow, Scotland.

Iniciativa Climática de México’s Danae Azuara and José Morales; Reforestamos México’s Xiomara Dominguez; WRI México’s Valeria López Portillo; Rancho Los Fresnos’ Andrea Zambrano; and The Nature Conservancy’s Yves Paiz took part in the conversation in our country.

The debate was on how to increase transparency in forest conservation, how a carbon market may be utilized to manage and conserve forests, how to safeguard marine ecosystems and carbon reserves, and finally, some livestock farming conservation methods.

Meanwhile, key announcements on nature-based solutions were made in Glasgow. The following are a few of the most important:

The Global Forest Finance Pledge (GFFP) was announced by 12 countries, providing US$12 billion in climate finance to support activities such as improving forest governance, assisting smallholders in restoring degraded soils, strengthening land tenure systems, and mobilizing private sector investment.

Brazil promised to halt illicit deforestation by 2028, rather than 2030, a two-year earlier than previously stated.

Indonesia has set a goal of restoring 60,000 hectares of mangroves by 2024 as a net carbon sink by 2030.

By 2022, Thailand plans to plant 100 million trees.

The LEAF Coalition (Lowering Emissions by Accelerating Forest Finance) recently announced that it has raised $1 billion for countries and states who are committed to boosting their ambition to protect tropical forests and reduce deforestation.

Regen10 is an ambitious global collective action plan that aims to scale up regenerative agriculture production systems in under a decade. The goal of the program is to put farmers at the heart of a worldwide movement to transform agricultural systems so that by 2030, more than half of all agricultural production will have positive effects on people, nature, and the climate.

The fourth and final discussion will take place on Tuesday, November 16 at 10:00 a.m., and will feature Ambassador Jon Benjamin of the United Kingdom in Mexico, as well as Dr. Adrian Fernandez, Director of Climate Initiative Mexico, and a panel of climate change experts from civil society organizations.

This conference will be a shared reflection on the final agreements established at COP26, as well as the next actions that need be taken in Mexico to implement them so that our country can meet its international obligations.

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Article Author Gerluxe

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